Eastern Canada is one of the cruise industry’s best-kept secrets but it is time word got out.

In the 1800s Montréal provided an important sanctuary for sailing ships seeking respite from the fierce rapids on the Old Quebec Citymighty Saint Laurence River, and it quickly grew into an important transit hub. Today it, and neighbouring Québec City, harbour cruise ships during the Caribbean hurricane season, enabling cruise lines to conveniently offer autumnal Canada and New England itineraries while protecting their vital assets from ferocious storms. Both ports have expansion plans and are desperate for cruise lines to extend the time they spend in Quebec Province.

Québec City, an hour from Montréal by plane or three by train, has a noticeably French essence to it. Old Québec, (Vieux-Québec), is framed by the Ramparts of Québec City, with a convenient footpath spanning the three mile circumference and four preserved gates to seek – St. Jean, St. Louis, Prescott and Kent. Inside the fortified boundary is a wealth of small boutiques, trendy bars
and thriving gourmet restaurants, set beside a myriad of narrow, inclined streets.

Montréal is a complete contrast and boasts a rich tapestry of modern history. Saint Laurent Boulevard cuts straight through the heart of the city and was where migrants first settled, forming Chinatown, Little Italy and a Jewish Quarter. The British resided to the west of the Boulevard, and the French to the east, with a quiet disdain for each another.

Religion, predominantly Catholicism, was the backbone to society and fiercely battled against capitalism. Old MontrealMagnificent cathedral-like banks paved the way for soaring office blocks and Place D’Armes is a superb example with the 32-storey Banque Nationale skyscraper dwarfing the intricately decorated Notre-Dame Basilica. An exhausting hike up Mont Royal – or a drive for those perhaps with more sense – will reward the successful few with incredible views of the uniquely varied skyline and the Saint Laurence.

Montréal may have only briefly held the title of the capital of the Province of Canada but stakes its claim as a cultural capital. Museums are bountiful and the city is awash with modern art projects largely thanks to the rule that ring-fences one per cent of a civic construction project budget for public art schemes. All art is subjective but the striking multi-colour glazing on the southern side
of the Montréal Convention Centre is a beautiful example of this; the ‘lipstick forest’ installation inside is perhaps less so.

Le Chateau FrontenacOld Montréal, home to the cruise port, looks much as it would have done when exhausted sailors ventured into this exciting new land. Characteristically more European than North American it is full of small boutiques interspersed with cosy bistros and upmarket restaurants that spill onto the streets by night.

North American influence is never far away and Downtown, accessible above ground or through sections of thebustling 20 mile-long Underground City, is the hub for big business. Familiar brands noticeably absent from Old Montréal can be found here, jostling with preserved green copper-roofed churches for
prime real estate space.

Lower Town (Basse-Ville) in Québec City is the first sight for cruise passengers and is charming, but for a true feel for the city an exerting hike is required. While descending the steep incline on foot is easy, be warned: the uphill journey on foot is tortuous. The aged but perfectly functional Funiculaire to the top is well worth the C$2.25 fee. Exit at the base of Le Château Frontenac, a Guinness World Record
holder as the most photographed hotel in the world anda fine example of French architecture. Drink in the sumptuous views across the banks of Saint Lawrence from the wooden decks that border it.

Observatory MontrealQuench your thirst at the many fashionable wine bars and cosy cafés in the city. Food tourism is on the rise and while national dishes may be few and far between, some, such as poutine (French fries topped with cheese curds and smothered in gravy), have garnered worldwide cult appeal. Both cities cater for all tastes and budgets, with exceptional French style cookery easily found and ethical, sustainable, and locally sourced menus on the rise. The Province also excels at producing a number of local delicacies; the most famous of all is maple syrup, a popular, authentic and practical souvenir protected by law. Québec City benefits from Île d’Orléans, colloquially known as ‘the garden island’, and is a favourite haunt for cruise excursions, along with the spectacular Montmorency Falls opposite the bridge to the island, thanks to its variety and abundance of artisanal produce. The harsh winter weather does not stop the locals as the enterprising Québécois use the annual snowfall between November and April to their advantage, producing Ice Cider, cidre de glace, and Ice Wine from frozen apples and grapes.

While Montréal and Québec City both share similarities they offer wildly different experiences and a visit to each is a must. The former has taken on more North American culture while the latter feels intrinsically French. Despite the short cruise season the ships visit at a time when the weather is ideal, artisanal local produce is abundant and thebackdrop is a romantic blanket of golden and auburn leaves, slowly ticking down the time until winter visits once again. Mongomery Falls

Fact box

Cruise lines offering Canada and New England itineraries for 2016 include Celebrity, Crystal, Holland America, NCL, Oceania, Regent Seven Seas, Royal Caribbean, and Seabourn. The cruise season for major cruise lines typically lasts from early September to late October although in 2016 Holland America’s Veendam will operate a weekly itinerary between Boston and Montréal from May to October. destinationcanada.com

(Photo credit © Tourisme Montréal; DestinationCanada.com)